This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Please click here for more information


Zulfikar Khayum

Call 2006

"A really outstanding junior, easy to work with."

Legal 500 2020

Described in the most recent editions of the legal directories as “a really outstanding junior” who is “bright, diligent and detail-focused”, Zulfikar is ranked as a leading junior in the fields of construction and international arbitration where he is recognised for having “extensive experience of appearing in international arbitration across the globe”. He has been identified as a “future leader” in the field of construction by Who’s Who Legal.

Zulfikar practices across all areas of the construction, engineering, energy and IT sectors in both the domestic and international context.

His practice combines substantial UK infrastructure projects (with a number under PFI) along with major projects in Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa. His recent experiences includes projects relating to major hospitals, airports, city centre transport, oil refineries and energy plants.

He has a particular focus on large, technically complex, international disputes.

He has been instructed in as counsel in a range of dispute resolution procedures including litigation, arbitration, adjudication and mediation. He has experience in advising and drafting pleadings in relation to all aspects of his practice. As part of his role he has been asked to advise on tactical as well as legal issues, and is experienced in pre-action matters. He is regularly instructed as both junior and sole counsel, and has appeared in a number of trials in both court and arbitration, as well as at various interim hearings.

In addition to purely legal and tactical issues, he has been involved in cases dealing with a wide range of highly-technical issues in the construction and engineering sector. His experience extends to cases requiring the involvement of multiple experts in a number of different disciplines and in particular experts dealing with architectural, engineering, fire safety, delay and quantum issues.


Recognised as a leading junior in the Legal 500 for International Arbitration, Zulfikar has an extensive international arbitration practice and has been involved in a large number of cases across the world. His experience has seen him act and advise in arbitrations conducted under a number of arbitral rules and various governing laws in several jurisdictions including issues relating to appeals in domestic courts. This includes the following:

  • Instructed by a Middle Eastern government entity in an arbitration against a multi-national joint venture in an ultra-high value ICC dispute (claims of over $1 billion) in relation to the design and construction of a flagship $2 billion plus medical care and research centre. He has been instructed to appear at multiple hearings to date with further hearings scheduled. The dispute is governed by foreign law and seated in London.
  • Instructed by an employer in relation to an EPC contract concerning the construction of an oil refinery in North Africa.
  • Instructed as sole counsel in relation to disputes arising out of the construction of leisure facilities including a hotel. The dispute is governed by UAE Law and seated in the UAE.
  • Instructed to appear as sole counsel by an engineering company in an ICC arbitration in relation to the provision of design, engineering and project management services with regard to the construction of a power plant in Germany. Instructed to appear at a one week hearing in London dealing with all matters.
  • Instructed as junior counsel in a dispute relating to the construction of airport facilities in the Middle East. The dispute was governed by foreign law. Instructed from the outset and appeared at an ICC arbitration hearing in the Middle East.
  • Instructed as sole counsel in relation to a dispute concerning various work packages in the context of a project relating to the expansion and refurbishment of an oil refinery in North Africa. Instructed to appear at a final LCIA arbitration hearing in London.
  • Instructed as junior counsel by an EPC contractor in relation to the upgrading and expansion of various items of mining equipment at a mine in Mozambique. The dispute was governed by foreign law and Zulfikar was instructed to appear at an ICC arbitration hearing in London.
  • Instructed as junior counsel by an investment fund in respect of a matter relating to the sale and purchase of solar panel production lines to an SPV. Instructed to appear at a two week hearing in Hong Kong. The dispute was governed by Hong Kong law.
  • Instructed as junior counsel by the Hong Kong government in an HK$800M arbitral claim made by a JV consortium in respect of a road construction project which was to be heard in three tranches. Involved in all aspects of the case and appeared at the first tranche five-week hearing. Following closing submissions, the matter was settled. The dispute was governed by Hong Kong law and the seat of the arbitration was Hong Kong.
  • Instructed as junior counsel in an SCMA dispute governed by Singapore Law concerning the wholesale conversion of a semi-submersible oil rig in a Rotterdam shipyard. The dispute concerned issues of variations, loss and expense and delay. Involved in providing advice, drafting pleadings, drafting disclosure requests and settling witness statements in London, Rotterdam and Singapore. Was involved in multiple substantive hearings over a three year period in Singapore.
  • Instructed as junior counsel in a four week ad-hoc arbitration concerning the construction of a private residence in the Bahamas governed by Bahamian Law. The seat was Nassau.


Zulfikar has consistently been considered as a leading junior in construction in the Chambers UK Bar Guide and the Legal 500. His experience of a wide range of claims and disputes arising in the construction and engineering context. Disputes have ranged from single domestic dwellings to large commercial developments including energy related projects such as power plants and waste processing facilities.

He is regularly instructed in respect of High Court matters and to appear in the High Court. Examples of his recent work include:

  • Instructed as junior counsel to defend an application brought pursuant to Section 68 of the Arbitration Act 1996.
  • Case concerning the proper interpretation of a contractual termination provision in relation to an energy from
    waste plant.
  • Instructed as counsel in a substantial PFI dispute relating to highways management.
  • Instructed as junior counsel in a claim made against a contractor in relation to the design and construction of a waste processing facility.
  • Instructed as sole counsel representing a specialist flooring subcontractor in relation to a claim for breach of warranty.
  • Instructed as sole counsel in a two day trial in the County Court on a preliminary issue concerning the identity of the parties to a contract and its terms.
  • Instructed as junior counsel in a commercial fraud case listed to be heard in the Chancery Division. The claim was compromised following the service of written opening submissions.
  • Instructed as junior counsel representing a firm of architects in relation to unpaid invoices and issues of contractual interpretation and fraudulent misrepresentation. Instructed to appear at trial and to make sole appearances in the High Court in respect of a number of interim applications.


Zulfikar is familiar with adjudication and the relevant statutory instruments. He co-authored an article for a Canadian law journal dealing with adjudication and some of the proposed changes in the draft Construction Contracts Bill, now implemented as Part 8 of the Local Democracy, Economic Development and Construction Act 2009.

He has acted and advised in respect of adjudications conducted under various rules and has experience at all stages of the process, including: pre-action tactical advice relating to adjudication commencement; advising and settling notices of adjudication, referral notices and other documents; advising on issues of jurisdiction; advising on resisting adjudication awards in the TCC; and appearing in the High Court to resist and enforce adjudicators awards.


Zulfikar has experience of bespoke contracts in the IT industry and has advised on issues of contractual interpretation arising from an IT master services agreement and statement of works. In addition he was instructed by the UK government in a large dispute regarding the supply, design, integration and operation of a major nationwide IT infrastructure project.


Zulfikar has drafted pleadings and advised on claims regarding breach of contract, professional negligence (including director’s liability) and restitution. He also has experience of equitable claims and remedies including those arising from trusts and proprietary estoppel and other claims arising out breach of fiduciary duties in cases of commercial fraud.


  • Obrascon Huarte Lain SA (t/a OHL Internacional) & Anor v Qatar Foundation for Education, Science & Community Development [2019] EWHC 2539 (Comm)
  • Interserve Construction Ltd v Hitachi Zosen Inova AG [2017] EWHC 2633 (TCC)
  • Fitzroy Robinson v Mentmore Towers et al [2009] EWHC 1552 (TCC), [2009] EWHC 3070 (TCC), [2009] EWHC 3365 (TCC)


  • 2006-2007: BCL, Pembroke College, University of Oxford
  • 2005-2006: BVC, Inns of Court School of Law
  • 2002-2005: LLB (Hons) (1st Class), University College London
  • 2005: Awarded the Lord Justice Holker Award from Gray’s Inn
  • 2005: Admitted to the Dean’s List of Honours for the UCL Faculty of Laws
  • 2004: Awarded the Simon Wallace Memorial Prize for Contact and Tort (UCL)


“Extremely hard-working, very bright, and his attention to detail on technical documents is amazing.”

Construction, Chambers & Partners UK Bar 2021

“Super work ethic, very clever with an excellent memory and an attention to detail far beyond mere mortals; the best senior junior in construction we have ever instructed.”

International Arbitration, The Legal 500 2021

“Zulf is an excellent junior. He is hardworking, and has a keen eye for detail. His submissions and cross-examination is first rate.”

Construction, The Legal 500 2021

“Bright, diligent and detail-focused.” “He’s a good choice for both domestic and international work.”
Construction, Chambers UK Bar 2020

“A really outstanding junior, easy to work with.”
Construction, Legal 500 2020

“Particularly skilled at highly detailed cross-examination of quantum and other experts.”
International Arbitration (Counsel), Legal 500 2020

“He was quick to analyse the case and single out the key evidence. We were very impressed with his cross-examination of the witnesses.”
Construction, Chambers UK Bar 2019

“Extremely well prepared and very well-spoken, he delivers arguments in a very clear and concise manner.”
Construction, Legal 500 2019

“Offers an excellent technical understanding.” “Picks up issues quickly.”
Construction, Chambers UK Bar 2018

“He combines a fine analytical mind with a fantastic level of commitment to the client.”
Construction, Legal 500 2017

“He has a really exceptional level of commitment.” “He’s very hands-on, forthright and keen to get stuck in.”
Construction, Chambers UK Bar 2017

“Up and coming, with a thorough approach and good technical understanding.”
Construction, Legal 500 2016

“He is very hands-on and works well with QCs.” “He provides excellent help with pleadings and research.” “He works to a very high standard.”
Construction, Chambers UK Bar 2016

“Quickly gets to the crux of the case and works well with senior counsel.”
Construction, Legal 500 2015